Source code for mycroft.skills.core

# Copyright 2017 Mycroft AI Inc.
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
import imp
import collections
import operator
import sys
import time
import csv
import inspect
import os
import traceback
from inspect import signature
from datetime import datetime, timedelta

import re
from itertools import chain
from adapt.intent import Intent, IntentBuilder
from os.path import join, abspath, dirname, basename, exists
from threading import Event, Timer

from mycroft import dialog
from mycroft.api import DeviceApi
from import wait_while_speaking
from mycroft.enclosure.api import EnclosureAPI
from mycroft.configuration import Configuration
from mycroft.dialog import DialogLoader
from mycroft.filesystem import FileSystemAccess
from mycroft.messagebus.message import Message
from mycroft.metrics import report_metric, report_timing, Stopwatch
from mycroft.skills.settings import SkillSettings
from mycroft.skills.skill_data import (load_vocabulary, load_regex, to_alnum,
                                       munge_regex, munge_intent_parser,
from mycroft.util import (camel_case_split,
from mycroft.util.log import LOG

MainModule = '__init__'

def simple_trace(stack_trace):
    stack_trace = stack_trace[:-1]
    tb = "Traceback:\n"
    for line in stack_trace:
        if line.strip():
            tb += line
    return tb

def dig_for_message():
        Dig Through the stack for message.
    stack = inspect.stack()
    # Limit search to 10 frames back
    stack = stack if len(stack) < 10 else stack[:10]
    local_vars = [frame[0].f_locals for frame in stack]
    for l in local_vars:
        if 'message' in l and isinstance(l['message'], Message):
            return l['message']

def unmunge_message(message, skill_id):
    """ Restore message keywords by removing the Letterified skill ID.

        message (Message): Intent result message
        skill_id (str): skill identifier

        Message without clear keywords
    if isinstance(message, Message) and isinstance(, dict):
        skill_id = to_alnum(skill_id)
        for key in list(
            if key.startswith(skill_id):
                # replace the munged key with the real one
                new_key = key[len(skill_id):]
      [new_key] =

    return message

def open_intent_envelope(message):
    """ Convert dictionary received over messagebus to Intent. """
    intent_dict =
    return Intent(intent_dict.get('name'),

def load_skill(skill_descriptor, bus, skill_id, BLACKLISTED_SKILLS=None):
    """ Load skill from skill descriptor.

        skill_descriptor: descriptor of skill to load
        bus:              Mycroft messagebus connection
        skill_id:         id number for skill
        use_settings:     (default True) selects if the skill should create
                          a settings object.

        MycroftSkill: the loaded skill or None on failure
    path = skill_descriptor["path"]
    name = basename(path)"ATTEMPTING TO LOAD SKILL: {} with ID {}".format(name, skill_id))
        return None
    main_file = join(path, MainModule + '.py')
        with open(main_file, 'rb') as fp:
            skill_module = imp.load_module(name.replace('.', '_'), fp,
                                           main_file, ('.py', 'rb',
        if (hasattr(skill_module, 'create_skill') and
            # v2 skills framework
            skill = skill_module.create_skill()
            skill.skill_id = skill_id
            skill.settings.allow_overwrite = True
                # Set up intent handlers
            except Exception as e:
                # If an exception occurs, make sure to clean up the skill
                raise e

  "Loaded " + name)
            # The very first time a skill is run, speak the intro
            first_run = skill.settings.get("__mycroft_skill_firstrun", True)
            if first_run:
      "First run of " + name)
                skill.settings["__mycroft_skill_firstrun"] = False
                intro = skill.get_intro_message()
                if intro:
            return skill
            LOG.warning("Module {} does not appear to be skill".format(name))
    except FileNotFoundError as e:
            'Failed to load {} due to a missing file: {}'.format(name, str(e))
    except Exception:
        LOG.exception("Failed to load skill: " + name)
    return None

def create_skill_descriptor(skill_path):
    return {"path": skill_path}

def get_handler_name(handler):
    """ Name (including class if available) of handler function.

        handler (function): Function to be named

        string: handler name as string
    if '__self__' in dir(handler) and 'name' in dir(handler.__self__):
        return + '.' + handler.__name__
        return handler.__name__

[docs]def intent_handler(intent_parser): """ Decorator for adding a method as an intent handler. """ def real_decorator(func): # Store the intent_parser inside the function # This will be used later to call register_intent if not hasattr(func, 'intents'): func.intents = [] func.intents.append(intent_parser) return func return real_decorator
[docs]def intent_file_handler(intent_file): """ Decorator for adding a method as an intent file handler. """ def real_decorator(func): # Store the intent_file inside the function # This will be used later to call register_intent_file if not hasattr(func, 'intent_files'): func.intent_files = [] func.intent_files.append(intent_file) return func return real_decorator
class SkillGUI: """ SkillGUI - Interface to the Graphical User Interface Values set in this class are synced to the GUI, accessible within QML via the built-in sessionData mechanism. For example, in Python you can write in a skill: self.gui['temp'] = 33 self.gui.show_page('Weather.qml') Then in the Weather.qml you'd access the temp via code such as: text: sessionData.time """ def __init__(self, skill): self.__session_data = {} # synced to GUI for use by this skill's pages = None # the active GUI page (e.g. QML template) to show self.skill = skill self.on_gui_changed_callback = None self.config = Configuration.get() @property def remote_url(self): """ Returns configuration value for url of remote-server. """ return self.config.get('remote-server') def build_message_type(self, event): """ Builds a message matching the output from the enclosure. """ return '{}.{}'.format(self.skill.skill_id, event) def setup_default_handlers(self): """ Sets the handlers for the default messages. """ msg_type = self.build_message_type('set') self.skill.add_event(msg_type, self.gui_set) def register_handler(self, event, handler): """ Register a handler for GUI events. when using the triggerEvent method from Qt triggerEvent("event", {"data": "cool"}) Arguments: event (str): event to catch handler: function to handle the event """ msg_type = self.build_message_type(event) self.skill.add_event(msg_type, handler) def set_on_gui_changed(self, callback): """ Registers a callback function to run when a value is changed from the GUI. Arguments: callback: Function to call when a value is changed """ self.on_gui_changed_callback = callback def gui_set(self, message): for key in self[key] =[key] if self.on_gui_changed_callback: self.on_gui_changed_callback() def __setitem__(self, key, value): self.__session_data[key] = value if # emit notification (but not needed if page has not been shown yet) data = self.__session_data.copy() data.update({'__from': self.skill.skill_id}) self.skill.bus.emit(Message("gui.value.set", data)) def __getitem__(self, key): return self.__session_data[key] def __contains__(self, key): return self.__session_data.__contains__(key) def clear(self): """ Reset the value dictionary, and remove namespace from GUI """ self.__session_data = {} = None self.skill.bus.emit(Message("gui.clear.namespace", {"__from": self.skill.skill_id})) def send_event(self, event_name, params={}): """ Trigger a gui event. Arguments: event_name (str): name of event to be triggered params: json serializable object containing any parameters that should be sent along with the request. """ self.skill.bus.emit(Message("gui.event.send", {"__from": self.skill.skill_id, "event_name": event_name, "params": params})) def show_page(self, name, override_idle=None): """ Begin showing the page in the GUI Args: name (str): Name of page (e.g "mypage.qml") to display override_idle (boolean, int): True: Takes over the resting page indefinitely (int): Delays resting page for the specified number of seconds. """ self.show_pages([name], 0, override_idle) def show_pages(self, page_names, index=0, override_idle=None): """ Begin showing the list of pages in the GUI Args: page_names (list): List of page names (str) to display, such as ["Weather.qml", "Forecast.qml", "Details.qml"] index (int): Page number (0-based) to show initially. For the above list a value of 1 would start on "Forecast.qml" override_idle (boolean, int): True: Takes over the resting page indefinitely (int): Delays resting page for the specified number of seconds. """ if not isinstance(page_names, list): raise ValueError('page_names must be a list') if index > len(page_names): raise ValueError('Default index is larger than page list length') = page_names[index] # First sync any data... data = self.__session_data.copy() data.update({'__from': self.skill.skill_id}) self.skill.bus.emit(Message("gui.value.set", data)) # Convert pages to full reference page_urls = [] for name in page_names: if name.startswith("SYSTEM"): page = resolve_resource_file(join('ui', name)) else: page = self.skill.find_resource(name, 'ui') if page: if self.config.get('remote') is True: page_urls.append(self.remote_url + "/" + page) else: page_urls.append("file://" + page) else: raise FileNotFoundError("Unable to find page: {}".format(name)) self.skill.bus.emit(Message("", {"page": page_urls, "index": index, "__from": self.skill.skill_id, "__idle": override_idle})) def remove_page(self, page): """ Remove a single page from the GUI. Args: page (str): Page to remove from the GUI """ return self.remove_pages([page]) def remove_pages(self, page_names): """ Remove a list of pages in the GUI. Args: page_names (list): List of page names (str) to display, such as ["Weather.qml", "Forecast.qml", "Other.qml"] """ if not isinstance(page_names, list): raise ValueError('page_names must be a list') # Convert pages to full reference page_urls = [] for name in page_names: page = self.skill.find_resource(name, 'ui') if page: page_urls.append("file://" + page) else: raise FileNotFoundError("Unable to find page: {}".format(name)) self.skill.bus.emit(Message("", {"page": page_urls, "__from": self.skill.skill_id})) def show_text(self, text, title=None, override_idle=None): """ Display a GUI page for viewing simple text Arguments: text (str): Main text content. It will auto-paginate title (str): A title to display above the text content. """ self.clear() self["text"] = text self["title"] = title self.show_page("SYSTEM_TextFrame.qml", override_idle) def show_image(self, url, caption=None, title=None, fill=None, override_idle=None): """ Display a GUI page for viewing an image Arguments: url (str): Pointer to the image caption (str): A caption to show under the image title (str): A title to display above the image content fill (str): Fill type supports 'PreserveAspectFit', 'PreserveAspectCrop', 'Stretch' """ self.clear() self["image"] = url self["title"] = title self["caption"] = caption self["fill"] = fill self.show_page("SYSTEM_ImageFrame.qml", override_idle) def show_html(self, html, resource_url=None, override_idle=None): """ Display an HTML page in the GUI Arguments: html (str): HTML text to display resource_url (str): Pointer to HTML resources """ self.clear() self["html"] = html self["resourceLocation"] = resource_url self.show_page("SYSTEM_HtmlFrame.qml", override_idle) def show_url(self, url, override_idle=None): """ Display an HTML page in the GUI Arguments: url (str): URL to render """ self.clear() self["url"] = url self.show_page("SYSTEM_UrlFrame.qml", override_idle) def resting_screen_handler(name): """ Decorator for adding a method as an resting screen handler. If selected will be shown on screen when device enters idle mode """ def real_decorator(func): # Store the resting information inside the function # This will be used later in register_resting_screen if not hasattr(func, 'resting_handler'): func.resting_handler = name return func return real_decorator ####################################################################### # MycroftSkill base class #######################################################################
[docs]class MycroftSkill: """ Base class for mycroft skills providing common behaviour and parameters to all Skill implementations. For information on how to get started with creating mycroft skills see https:// Arguments: name (str): skill name bus (MycroftWebsocketClient): Optional bus connection """ def __init__(self, name=None, bus=None, use_settings=True): = name or self.__class__.__name__ self.resting_name = None # Get directory of skill self._dir = dirname(abspath(sys.modules[self.__module__].__file__)) if use_settings: self.settings = SkillSettings(self._dir, else: self.settings = None self.gui = SkillGUI(self) self._bus = None self._enclosure = None self.bind(bus) #: Mycroft global configuration. (dict) self.config_core = Configuration.get() # TODO: 19.08 - Remove self._config = self.config_core.get( or {} self.dialog_renderer = None self.root_dir = None #: skill root directory #: Filesystem access to skill specific folder. #: See mycroft.filesystem for details. self.file_system = FileSystemAccess(join('skills', self.registered_intents = [] self.log = LOG.create_logger( #: Skill logger instance self.reload_skill = True #: allow reloading (default True) = [] self.scheduled_repeats = [] self.skill_id = '' # will be set from the path, so guaranteed unique self.voc_match_cache = {} @property def enclosure(self): if self._enclosure: return self._enclosure else: LOG.error("Skill not fully initialized. Move code " + "from __init__() to initialize() to correct this.") LOG.error(simple_trace(traceback.format_stack())) raise Exception("Accessed MycroftSkill.enclosure in __init__") @property def bus(self): if self._bus: return self._bus else: LOG.error("Skill not fully initialized. Move code " + "from __init__() to initialize() to correct this.") LOG.error(simple_trace(traceback.format_stack())) raise Exception("Accessed MycroftSkill.bus in __init__") @property def config(self): """ Provide deprecation warning when accessing config. TODO: Remove in 19.08 """ stack = simple_trace(traceback.format_stack()) if (" _register_decorated" not in stack and "register_resting_screen" not in stack): LOG.warning('self.config is deprecated. Switch to using ' 'self.setting["whatever"] within your skill.') LOG.warning(stack) return self._config @property def location(self): """ Get the JSON data struction holding location information. """ # TODO: Allow Enclosure to override this for devices that # contain a GPS. return self.config_core.get('location') @property def location_pretty(self): """ Get a more 'human' version of the location as a string. """ loc = self.location if type(loc) is dict and loc["city"]: return loc["city"]["name"] return None @property def location_timezone(self): """ Get the timezone code, such as 'America/Los_Angeles' """ loc = self.location if type(loc) is dict and loc["timezone"]: return loc["timezone"]["code"] return None @property def lang(self): return self.config_core.get('lang')
[docs] def bind(self, bus): """ Register messagebus emitter with skill. Arguments: bus: Mycroft messagebus connection """ if bus: self._bus = bus self._enclosure = EnclosureAPI(bus, self.add_event('mycroft.stop', self.__handle_stop) self.add_event('mycroft.skill.enable_intent', self.handle_enable_intent) self.add_event('mycroft.skill.disable_intent', self.handle_disable_intent) self.add_event("mycroft.skill.set_cross_context", self.handle_set_cross_context) self.add_event("mycroft.skill.remove_cross_context", self.handle_remove_cross_context) # Trigger settings update if requested self._add_light_event('mycroft.skills.settings.update', self.settings.run_poll) # Trigger Settings meta upload on pairing complete self._add_light_event('mycroft.paired', self.settings.run_poll) # Intialize the SkillGui self.gui.setup_default_handlers()
def _add_light_event(self, msg_type, func): """ This adds an event handler that will automatically be unregistered when the skill shutsdown but none of the metrics or error feedback will be triggered. Arguments: msg_tupe (str): Message type func (Function): function to be invoked """ self.bus.on(msg_type, func), func)) def detach(self): for (name, intent) in self.registered_intents: name = str(self.skill_id) + ':' + name self.bus.emit(Message("detach_intent", {"intent_name": name}))
[docs] def initialize(self): """ Perform any final setup needed for the skill. Invoked after the skill is fully constructed and registered with the system. """ pass
[docs] def get_intro_message(self): """ Get a message to speak on first load of the skill. Useful for post-install setup instructions. Returns: str: message that will be spoken to the user """ return None
[docs] def converse(self, utterances, lang=None): """ Handle conversation. This method gets a peek at utterances before the normal intent handling process after a skill has been invoked once. To use, override the converse() method and return True to indicate that the utterance has been handled. Args: utterances (list): The utterances from the user. If there are multiple utterances, consider them all to be transcription possibilities. Commonly, the first entry is the user utt and the second is normalized() version of the first utterance lang: language the utterance is in, None for default Returns: bool: True if an utterance was handled, otherwise False """ return False
def __get_response(self): """ Helper to get a reponse from the user Returns: str: user's response or None on a timeout """ event = Event() def converse(utterances, lang=None): converse.response = utterances[0] if utterances else None event.set() return True # install a temporary conversation handler self.make_active() converse.response = None default_converse = self.converse self.converse = converse event.wait(15) # 10 for listener, 5 for SST, then timeout self.converse = default_converse return converse.response
[docs] def get_response(self, dialog='', data=None, validator=None, on_fail=None, num_retries=-1): """ Prompt user and wait for response The given dialog is spoken, followed immediately by listening for a user response. The response can optionally be validated before returning. Example: color = self.get_response('ask.favorite.color') Args: dialog (str): Announcement dialog to speak to the user data (dict): Data used to render the dialog validator (any): Function with following signature def validator(utterance): return utterance != "red" on_fail (any): Dialog or function returning literal string to speak on invalid input. For example: def on_fail(utterance): return "nobody likes the color red, pick another" num_retries (int): Times to ask user for input, -1 for infinite NOTE: User can not respond and timeout or say "cancel" to stop Returns: str: User's reply or None if timed out or canceled """ data = data or {} def get_announcement(): return self.dialog_renderer.render(dialog, data) if not get_announcement(): raise ValueError('dialog message required') def on_fail_default(utterance): fail_data = data.copy() fail_data['utterance'] = utterance if on_fail: return self.dialog_renderer.render(on_fail, fail_data) else: return get_announcement() def is_cancel(utterance): return self.voc_match(utterance, 'cancel') def validator_default(utterance): # accept anything except 'cancel' return not is_cancel(utterance) validator = validator or validator_default on_fail_fn = on_fail if callable(on_fail) else on_fail_default self.speak(get_announcement(), expect_response=True, wait=True) num_fails = 0 while True: response = self.__get_response() if response is None: # if nothing said, prompt one more time num_none_fails = 1 if num_retries < 0 else num_retries if num_fails >= num_none_fails: return None else: if validator(response): return response # catch user saying 'cancel' if is_cancel(response): return None num_fails += 1 if 0 < num_retries < num_fails: return None line = on_fail_fn(response) self.speak(line, expect_response=True)
[docs] def ask_yesno(self, prompt, data=None): """ Read prompt and wait for a yes/no answer This automatically deals with translation and common variants, such as 'yeah', 'sure', etc. Args: prompt (str): a dialog id or string to read Returns: string: 'yes', 'no' or whatever the user response if not one of those, including None """ resp = self.get_response(dialog=prompt, data=data) if self.voc_match(resp, 'yes'): return 'yes' elif self.voc_match(resp, 'no'): return 'no' else: return resp
[docs] def voc_match(self, utt, voc_filename, lang=None): """ Determine if the given utterance contains the vocabulary provided Checks for vocabulary match in the utterance instead of the other way around to allow the user to say things like "yes, please" and still match against "Yes.voc" containing only "yes". The method first checks in the current skill's .voc files and secondly the "res/text" folder of mycroft-core. The result is cached to avoid hitting the disk each time the method is called. Args: utt (str): Utterance to be tested voc_filename (str): Name of vocabulary file (e.g. 'yes' for 'res/text/en-us/yes.voc') lang (str): Language code, defaults to self.long Returns: bool: True if the utterance has the given vocabulary it """ lang = lang or self.lang cache_key = lang + voc_filename if cache_key not in self.voc_match_cache: # Check for both skill resources and mycroft-core resources voc = self.find_resource(voc_filename + '.voc', 'vocab') if not voc: voc = resolve_resource_file(join('text', lang, voc_filename + '.voc')) if not voc or not exists(voc): raise FileNotFoundError( 'Could not find {}.voc file'.format(voc_filename)) # load vocab and flatten into a simple list vocab = list(chain(*read_vocab_file(voc))) self.voc_match_cache[cache_key] = vocab if utt: # Check for matches against complete words return any([re.match(r'.*\b' + i + r'\b.*', utt) for i in self.voc_match_cache[cache_key]]) else: return False
[docs] def report_metric(self, name, data): """ Report a skill metric to the Mycroft servers Args: name (str): Name of metric. Must use only letters and hyphens data (dict): JSON dictionary to report. Must be valid JSON """ report_metric(basename(self.root_dir) + ':' + name, data)
[docs] def send_email(self, title, body): """ Send an email to the registered user's email Args: title (str): Title of email body (str): HTML body of email. This supports simple HTML like bold and italics """ DeviceApi().send_email(title, body, basename(self.root_dir))
[docs] def make_active(self): """ Bump skill to active_skill list in intent_service This enables converse method to be called even without skill being used in last 5 minutes. """ self.bus.emit(Message('active_skill_request', {"skill_id": self.skill_id}))
def _handle_collect_resting(self, message=None): """ Handler for collect resting screen messages. Sends info on how to trigger this skills resting page. """'Registering resting screen') self.bus.emit(Message('mycroft.mark2.register_idle', data={'name': self.resting_name, 'id': self.skill_id}))
[docs] def register_resting_screen(self): """ Registers resting screen from the resting_screen_handler decorator. This only allows one screen and if two is registered only one will be used. """ attributes = [a for a in dir(self)] for attr_name in attributes: method = getattr(self, attr_name) if hasattr(method, 'resting_handler'): self.resting_name = method.resting_handler'Registering resting screen {} for {}.'.format( method, self.resting_name)) # Register for handling resting screen msg_type = '{}.{}'.format(self.skill_id, 'idle') self.add_event(msg_type, method) # Register handler for resting screen collect message self.add_event('mycroft.mark2.collect_idle', self._handle_collect_resting) # Do a send at load to make sure the skill is registered # if reloaded self._handle_collect_resting() return
def _register_decorated(self): """ Register all intent handlers that are decorated with an intent. Looks for all functions that have been marked by a decorator and read the intent data from them """ attributes = [a for a in dir(self)] for attr_name in attributes: method = getattr(self, attr_name) if hasattr(method, 'intents'): for intent in getattr(method, 'intents'): self.register_intent(intent, method) if hasattr(method, 'intent_files'): for intent_file in getattr(method, 'intent_files'): self.register_intent_file(intent_file, method)
[docs] def translate(self, text, data=None): """ Load a translatable single string resource The string is loaded from a file in the skill's dialog subdirectory 'dialog/<lang>/<text>.dialog' The string is randomly chosen from the file and rendered, replacing mustache placeholders with values found in the data dictionary. Args: text (str): The base filename (no extension needed) data (dict, optional): a JSON dictionary Returns: str: A randomly chosen string from the file """ return self.dialog_renderer.render(text, data or {})
[docs] def find_resource(self, res_name, res_dirname=None): """ Find a resource file Searches for the given filename using this scheme: 1) Search the resource lang directory: <skill>/<res_dirname>/<lang>/<res_name> 2) Search the resource directory: <skill>/<res_dirname>/<res_name> 3) Search the locale lang directory or other subdirectory: <skill>/locale/<lang>/<res_name> or <skill>/locale/<lang>/.../<res_name> Args: res_name (string): The resource name to be found res_dirname (string, optional): A skill resource directory, such 'dialog', 'vocab', 'regex' or 'ui'. Defaults to None. Returns: string: The full path to the resource file or None if not found """ if res_dirname: # Try the old translated directory (dialog/vocab/regex) path = join(self.root_dir, res_dirname, self.lang, res_name) if exists(path): return path # Try old-style non-translated resource path = join(self.root_dir, res_dirname, res_name) if exists(path): return path # New scheme: search for res_name under the 'locale' folder root_path = join(self.root_dir, 'locale', self.lang) for path, _, files in os.walk(root_path): if res_name in files: return join(path, res_name) # Not found return None
[docs] def translate_namedvalues(self, name, delim=None): """ Load translation dict containing names and values. This loads a simple CSV from the 'dialog' folders. The name is the first list item, the value is the second. Lines prefixed with # or // get ignored Args: name (str): name of the .value file, no extension needed delim (char): delimiter character used, default is ',' Returns: dict: name and value dictionary, or empty dict if load fails """ delim = delim or ',' result = collections.OrderedDict() if not name.endswith(".value"): name += ".value" try: filename = self.find_resource(name, 'dialog') if filename: with open(filename) as f: reader = csv.reader(f, delimiter=delim) for row in reader: # skip blank or comment lines if not row or row[0].startswith("#"): continue if len(row) != 2: continue result[row[0]] = row[1] return result except Exception: return {}
[docs] def translate_template(self, template_name, data=None): """ Load a translatable template The strings are loaded from a template file in the skill's dialog subdirectory. 'dialog/<lang>/<template_name>.template' The strings are loaded and rendered, replacing mustache placeholders with values found in the data dictionary. Args: template_name (str): The base filename (no extension needed) data (dict, optional): a JSON dictionary Returns: list of str: The loaded template file """ return self.__translate_file(template_name + '.template', data)
[docs] def translate_list(self, list_name, data=None): """ Load a list of translatable string resources The strings are loaded from a list file in the skill's dialog subdirectory. 'dialog/<lang>/<list_name>.list' The strings are loaded and rendered, replacing mustache placeholders with values found in the data dictionary. Args: list_name (str): The base filename (no extension needed) data (dict, optional): a JSON dictionary Returns: list of str: The loaded list of strings with items in consistent positions regardless of the language. """ return self.__translate_file(list_name + '.list', data)
def __translate_file(self, name, data): """Load and render lines from dialog/<lang>/<name>""" filename = self.find_resource(name, 'dialog') if filename: with open(filename) as f: text ='{{', '{').replace('}}', '}') return text.format(**data or {}).rstrip('\n').split('\n') else: return None
[docs] def add_event(self, name, handler, handler_info=None, once=False): """ Create event handler for executing intent Args: name (string): IntentParser name handler (func): Method to call handler_info (string): Base message when reporting skill event handler status on messagebus. once (bool, optional): Event handler will be removed after it has been run once. """ def wrapper(message): skill_data = {'name': get_handler_name(handler)} stopwatch = Stopwatch() try: message = unmunge_message(message, self.skill_id) # Indicate that the skill handler is starting if handler_info: # Indicate that the skill handler is starting if requested msg_type = handler_info + '.start' self.bus.emit(message.reply(msg_type, skill_data)) if once: # Remove registered one-time handler before invoking, # allowing them to re-schedule themselves. self.remove_event(name) with stopwatch: if len(signature(handler).parameters) == 0: handler() else: handler(message) # Store settings if they've changed except Exception as e: # Convert "MyFancySkill" to "My Fancy Skill" for speaking handler_name = camel_case_split( msg_data = {'skill': handler_name} msg = dialog.get('skill.error', self.lang, msg_data) self.speak(msg) LOG.exception(msg) # append exception information in message skill_data['exception'] = repr(e) finally: # Indicate that the skill handler has completed if handler_info: msg_type = handler_info + '.complete' self.bus.emit(message.reply(msg_type, skill_data)) # Send timing metrics context = message.context if context and 'ident' in context: report_timing(context['ident'], 'skill_handler', stopwatch, {'handler': handler.__name__, 'skill_id': self.skill_id}) if handler: if once: self.bus.once(name, wrapper) else: self.bus.on(name, wrapper), wrapper))
[docs] def remove_event(self, name): """ Removes an event from bus emitter and events list Args: name (string): Name of Intent or Scheduler Event Returns: bool: True if found and removed, False if not found """ removed = False for _name, _handler in list( if name == _name: try:, _handler)) except ValueError: pass removed = True # Because of function wrappers, the emitter doesn't always directly # hold the _handler function, it sometimes holds something like # 'wrapper(_handler)'. So a call like: # self.bus.remove(_name, _handler) # will not find it, leaving an event handler with that name left behind # waiting to fire if it is ever re-installed and triggered. # Remove all handlers with the given name, regardless of handler. if removed: self.bus.remove_all_listeners(name) return removed
[docs] def register_intent(self, intent_parser, handler): """ Register an Intent with the intent service. Args: intent_parser: Intent or IntentBuilder object to parse utterance for the handler. handler (func): function to register with intent """ if isinstance(intent_parser, IntentBuilder): intent_parser = elif not isinstance(intent_parser, Intent): raise ValueError('"' + str(intent_parser) + '" is not an Intent') # Default to the handler's function name if none given name = or handler.__name__ munge_intent_parser(intent_parser, name, self.skill_id) self.bus.emit(Message("register_intent", intent_parser.__dict__)) self.registered_intents.append((name, intent_parser)) self.add_event(, handler, 'mycroft.skill.handler')
[docs] def register_intent_file(self, intent_file, handler): """ Register an Intent file with the intent service. For example: === food.order.intent === Order some {food}. Order some {food} from {place}. I'm hungry. Grab some {food} from {place}. Optionally, you can also use <register_entity_file> to specify some examples of {food} and {place} In addition, instead of writing out multiple variations of the same sentence you can write: === food.order.intent === (Order | Grab) some {food} (from {place} | ). I'm hungry. Args: intent_file: name of file that contains example queries that should activate the intent. Must end with '.intent' handler: function to register with intent """ name = str(self.skill_id) + ':' + intent_file filename = self.find_resource(intent_file, 'vocab') if not filename: raise FileNotFoundError( 'Unable to find "' + str(intent_file) + '"' ) data = { "file_name": filename, "name": name } self.bus.emit(Message("padatious:register_intent", data)) self.registered_intents.append((intent_file, data)) self.add_event(name, handler, 'mycroft.skill.handler')
[docs] def register_entity_file(self, entity_file): """ Register an Entity file with the intent service. An Entity file lists the exact values that an entity can hold. For example: === === Is it {weekend}? === weekend.entity === Saturday Sunday Args: entity_file (string): name of file that contains examples of an entity. Must end with '.entity' """ if entity_file.endswith('.entity'): entity_file = entity_file.replace('.entity', '') filename = self.find_resource(entity_file + ".entity", 'vocab') if not filename: raise FileNotFoundError( 'Unable to find "' + entity_file + '.entity"' ) name = str(self.skill_id) + ':' + entity_file self.bus.emit(Message("padatious:register_entity", { "file_name": filename, "name": name }))
[docs] def handle_enable_intent(self, message): """ Listener to enable a registered intent if it belongs to this skill """ intent_name =["intent_name"] for (name, intent) in self.registered_intents: if name == intent_name: return self.enable_intent(intent_name)
[docs] def handle_disable_intent(self, message): """ Listener to disable a registered intent if it belongs to this skill """ intent_name =["intent_name"] for (name, intent) in self.registered_intents: if name == intent_name: return self.disable_intent(intent_name)
[docs] def disable_intent(self, intent_name): """ Disable a registered intent if it belongs to this skill Args: intent_name (string): name of the intent to be disabled Returns: bool: True if disabled, False if it wasn't registered """ names = [intent_tuple[0] for intent_tuple in self.registered_intents] if intent_name in names: LOG.debug('Disabling intent ' + intent_name) name = str(self.skill_id) + ':' + intent_name self.bus.emit(Message("detach_intent", {"intent_name": name})) return True LOG.error('Could not disable ' + intent_name + ', it hasn\'t been registered.') return False
[docs] def enable_intent(self, intent_name): """ (Re)Enable a registered intent if it belongs to this skill Args: intent_name: name of the intent to be enabled Returns: bool: True if enabled, False if it wasn't registered """ names = [intent[0] for intent in self.registered_intents] intents = [intent[1] for intent in self.registered_intents] if intent_name in names: intent = intents[names.index(intent_name)] self.registered_intents.remove((intent_name, intent)) if ".intent" in intent_name: self.register_intent_file(intent_name, None) else: = intent_name self.register_intent(intent, None) LOG.debug('Enabling intent ' + intent_name) return True LOG.error('Could not enable ' + intent_name + ', it hasn\'t been ' 'registered.') return False
[docs] def set_context(self, context, word='', origin=None): """ Add context to intent service Args: context: Keyword word: word connected to keyword """ if not isinstance(context, str): raise ValueError('context should be a string') if not isinstance(word, str): raise ValueError('word should be a string') origin = origin or '' context = to_alnum(self.skill_id) + context self.bus.emit(Message('add_context', {'context': context, 'word': word, 'origin': origin}))
[docs] def handle_set_cross_context(self, message): """ Add global context to intent service """ context ="context") word ="word") origin ="origin") self.set_context(context, word, origin)
[docs] def handle_remove_cross_context(self, message): """ Remove global context from intent service """ context ="context") self.remove_context(context)
[docs] def set_cross_skill_context(self, context, word=''): """ Tell all skills to add a context to intent service Args: context: Keyword word: word connected to keyword """ self.bus.emit(Message("mycroft.skill.set_cross_context", {"context": context, "word": word, "origin": self.skill_id}))
[docs] def remove_cross_skill_context(self, context): """ tell all skills to remove a keyword from the context manager. """ if not isinstance(context, str): raise ValueError('context should be a string') self.bus.emit(Message("mycroft.skill.remove_cross_context", {"context": context}))
[docs] def remove_context(self, context): """ remove a keyword from the context manager. """ if not isinstance(context, str): raise ValueError('context should be a string') context = to_alnum(self.skill_id) + context self.bus.emit(Message('remove_context', {'context': context}))
[docs] def register_vocabulary(self, entity, entity_type): """ Register a word to a keyword Args: entity: word to register entity_type: Intent handler entity to tie the word to """ self.bus.emit(Message('register_vocab', { 'start': entity, 'end': to_alnum(self.skill_id) + entity_type }))
[docs] def register_regex(self, regex_str): """ Register a new regex. Args: regex_str: Regex string """ regex = munge_regex(regex_str, self.skill_id) re.compile(regex) # validate regex self.bus.emit(Message('register_vocab', {'regex': regex}))
[docs] def speak(self, utterance, expect_response=False, wait=False): """ Speak a sentence. Args: utterance (str): sentence mycroft should speak expect_response (bool): set to True if Mycroft should listen for a response immediately after speaking the utterance. wait (bool): set to True to block while the text is being spoken. """ # registers the skill as being active self.enclosure.register( data = {'utterance': utterance, 'expect_response': expect_response} message = dig_for_message() if message: self.bus.emit(message.reply("speak", data)) else: self.bus.emit(Message("speak", data)) if wait: wait_while_speaking()
[docs] def speak_dialog(self, key, data=None, expect_response=False, wait=False): """ Speak a random sentence from a dialog file. Args: key (str): dialog file key (e.g. "hello" to speak from the file "locale/en-us/hello.dialog") data (dict): information used to populate sentence expect_response (bool): set to True if Mycroft should listen for a response immediately after speaking the utterance. wait (bool): set to True to block while the text is being spoken. """ data = data or {} self.speak(self.dialog_renderer.render(key, data), expect_response, wait)
def init_dialog(self, root_directory): # If "<skill>/dialog/<lang>" exists, load from there. Otherwise # load dialog from "<skill>/locale/<lang>" dialog_dir = join(root_directory, 'dialog', self.lang) if exists(dialog_dir): self.dialog_renderer = DialogLoader().load(dialog_dir) elif exists(join(root_directory, 'locale', self.lang)): locale_path = join(root_directory, 'locale', self.lang) self.dialog_renderer = DialogLoader().load(locale_path) else: LOG.debug('No dialog loaded') def load_data_files(self, root_directory): self.root_dir = root_directory self.init_dialog(root_directory) self.load_vocab_files(root_directory) self.load_regex_files(root_directory) def load_vocab_files(self, root_directory): vocab_dir = join(root_directory, 'vocab', self.lang) if exists(vocab_dir): load_vocabulary(vocab_dir, self.bus, self.skill_id) elif exists(join(root_directory, 'locale', self.lang)): load_vocabulary(join(root_directory, 'locale', self.lang), self.bus, self.skill_id) else: LOG.debug('No vocab loaded') def load_regex_files(self, root_directory): regex_dir = join(root_directory, 'regex', self.lang) if exists(regex_dir): load_regex(regex_dir, self.bus, self.skill_id) elif exists(join(root_directory, 'locale', self.lang)): load_regex(join(root_directory, 'locale', self.lang), self.bus, self.skill_id) def __handle_stop(self, event): """ Handler for the "mycroft.stop" signal. Runs the user defined `stop()` method. """ def __stop_timeout(): # The self.stop() call took more than 100ms, assume it handled Stop self.bus.emit(Message("mycroft.stop.handled", {"skill_id": str(self.skill_id) + ":"})) timer = Timer(0.1, __stop_timeout) # set timer for 100ms try: if self.stop(): self.bus.emit(Message("mycroft.stop.handled", {"by": "skill:"+str(self.skill_id)})) timer.cancel() except Exception: timer.cancel() LOG.error("Failed to stop skill: {}".format(, exc_info=True) def stop(self): pass
[docs] def shutdown(self): """ This method is intended to be called during the skill process termination. The skill implementation must shutdown all processes and operations in execution. """ pass
[docs] def default_shutdown(self): """Parent function called internally to shut down everything. Shuts down known entities and calls skill specific shutdown method. """ try: self.shutdown() except Exception as e: LOG.error('Skill specific shutdown function encountered ' 'an error: {}'.format(repr(e))) # Store settings if exists(self._dir): self.settings.stop_polling() # Clear skill from gui self.gui.clear() # removing events self.cancel_all_repeating_events() for e, f in self.bus.remove(e, f) = [] # Remove reference to wrappers self.bus.emit( Message("detach_skill", {"skill_id": str(self.skill_id) + ":"})) try: self.stop() except Exception: LOG.error("Failed to stop skill: {}".format(, exc_info=True)
def _unique_name(self, name): """ Return a name unique to this skill using the format [skill_id]:[name]. Args: name: Name to use internally Returns: str: name unique to this skill """ return str(self.skill_id) + ':' + (name or '') def _schedule_event(self, handler, when, data=None, name=None, repeat=None): """ Underlying method for schedule_event and schedule_repeating_event. Takes scheduling information and sends it off on the message bus. """ if not name: name = + handler.__name__ unique_name = self._unique_name(name) if repeat: self.scheduled_repeats.append(name) # store "friendly name" data = data or {} self.add_event(unique_name, handler, once=not repeat) event_data = {} event_data['time'] = time.mktime(when.timetuple()) event_data['event'] = unique_name event_data['repeat'] = repeat event_data['data'] = data self.bus.emit(Message('mycroft.scheduler.schedule_event', data=event_data))
[docs] def schedule_event(self, handler, when, data=None, name=None): """ Schedule a single-shot event. Args: handler: method to be called when (datetime/int/float): datetime (in system timezone) or number of seconds in the future when the handler should be called data (dict, optional): data to send when the handler is called name (str, optional): reference name NOTE: This will not warn or replace a previously scheduled event of the same name. """ data = data or {} if isinstance(when, (int, float)): when = + timedelta(seconds=when) self._schedule_event(handler, when, data, name)
[docs] def schedule_repeating_event(self, handler, when, frequency, data=None, name=None): """ Schedule a repeating event. Args: handler: method to be called when (datetime): time (in system timezone) for first calling the handler, or None to initially trigger <frequency> seconds from now frequency (float/int): time in seconds between calls data (dict, optional): data to send when the handler is called name (str, optional): reference name, must be unique """ # Do not schedule if this event is already scheduled by the skill if name not in self.scheduled_repeats: data = data or {} if not when: when = + timedelta(seconds=frequency) self._schedule_event(handler, when, data, name, frequency) else: LOG.debug('The event is already scheduled, cancel previous ' 'event if this scheduling should replace the last.')
[docs] def update_scheduled_event(self, name, data=None): """ Change data of event. Args: name (str): reference name of event (from original scheduling) """ data = data or {} data = { 'event': self._unique_name(name), 'data': data } self.bus.emit(Message('mycroft.schedule.update_event', data=data))
[docs] def cancel_scheduled_event(self, name): """ Cancel a pending event. The event will no longer be scheduled to be executed Args: name (str): reference name of event (from original scheduling) """ unique_name = self._unique_name(name) data = {'event': unique_name} if name in self.scheduled_repeats: self.scheduled_repeats.remove(name) if self.remove_event(unique_name): self.bus.emit(Message('mycroft.scheduler.remove_event', data=data))
[docs] def get_scheduled_event_status(self, name): """ Get scheduled event data and return the amount of time left Args: name (str): reference name of event (from original scheduling) Return: int: the time left in seconds Raises: Exception: Raised if event is not found """ event_name = self._unique_name(name) data = {'name': event_name} # making event_status an object so it's refrence can be changed event_status = None finished_callback = False def callback(message): nonlocal event_status nonlocal finished_callback if is not None: event_time = int([0][0]) current_time = int(time.time()) time_left_in_seconds = event_time - current_time event_status = time_left_in_seconds finished_callback = True emitter_name = 'mycroft.event_status.callback.{}'.format(event_name) self.bus.once(emitter_name, callback) self.bus.emit(Message('mycroft.scheduler.get_event', data=data)) start_wait = time.time() while finished_callback is False and time.time() - start_wait < 3.0: time.sleep(0.1) if time.time() - start_wait > 3.0: raise Exception("Event Status Messagebus Timeout") return event_status
[docs] def cancel_all_repeating_events(self): """ Cancel any repeating events started by the skill. """ # NOTE: Gotta make a copy of the list due to the removes that happen # in cancel_scheduled_event(). for e in list(self.scheduled_repeats): self.cancel_scheduled_event(e)
[docs] def acknowledge(self): """ Acknowledge a successful request. This method plays a sound to acknowledge a request that does not require a verbal response. This is intended to provide simple feedback to the user that their request was handled successfully. """ audio_file = resolve_resource_file( self.config_core.get('sounds').get('acknowledge')) if not audio_file: LOG.warning("Could not find 'acknowledge' audio file!") return process = play_audio_file(audio_file) if not process: LOG.warning("Unable to play 'acknowledge' audio file!")
####################################################################### # FallbackSkill base class #######################################################################
[docs]class FallbackSkill(MycroftSkill): """ Fallbacks come into play when no skill matches an Adapt or closely with a Padatious intent. All Fallback skills work together to give them a view of the user's utterance. Fallback handlers are called in an order determined the priority provided when the the handler is registered. ======== ======== ================================================ Priority Who? Purpose ======== ======== ================================================ 1-4 RESERVED Unused for now, slot for pre-Padatious if needed 5 MYCROFT Padatious near match (conf > 0.8) 6-88 USER General 89 MYCROFT Padatious loose match (conf > 0.5) 90-99 USER Uncaught intents 100+ MYCROFT Fallback Unknown or other future use ======== ======== ================================================ Handlers with the numerically lowest priority are invoked first. Multiple fallbacks can exist at the same priority, but no order is guaranteed. A Fallback can either observe or consume an utterance. A consumed utterance will not be see by any other Fallback handlers. """ fallback_handlers = {} def __init__(self, name=None, bus=None, use_settings=True): MycroftSkill.__init__(self, name, bus, use_settings) # list of fallback handlers registered by this instance self.instance_fallback_handlers = []
[docs] @classmethod def make_intent_failure_handler(cls, bus): """Goes through all fallback handlers until one returns True""" def handler(message): # indicate fallback handling start bus.emit(message.reply("mycroft.skill.handler.start", data={'handler': "fallback"})) stopwatch = Stopwatch() handler_name = None with stopwatch: for _, handler in sorted(cls.fallback_handlers.items(), key=operator.itemgetter(0)): try: if handler(message): # indicate completion handler_name = get_handler_name(handler) bus.emit(message.reply( 'mycroft.skill.handler.complete', data={'handler': "fallback", "fallback_handler": handler_name})) break except Exception: LOG.exception('Exception in fallback.') else: # No fallback could handle the utterance bus.emit(message.reply('complete_intent_failure')) warning = "No fallback could handle intent." LOG.warning(warning) # indicate completion with exception bus.emit(message.reply('mycroft.skill.handler.complete', data={'handler': "fallback", 'exception': warning})) # Send timing metric if message.context.get('ident'): ident = message.context['ident'] report_timing(ident, 'fallback_handler', stopwatch, {'handler': handler_name}) return handler
@classmethod def _register_fallback(cls, handler, priority): """ Register a function to be called as a general info fallback Fallback should receive message and return a boolean (True if succeeded or False if failed) Lower priority gets run first 0 for high priority 100 for low priority """ while priority in cls.fallback_handlers: priority += 1 cls.fallback_handlers[priority] = handler
[docs] def register_fallback(self, handler, priority): """ register a fallback with the list of fallback handlers and with the list of handlers registered by this instance """ def wrapper(*args, **kwargs): if handler(*args, **kwargs): self.make_active() return True return False self.instance_fallback_handlers.append(wrapper) self._register_fallback(wrapper, priority)
[docs] @classmethod def remove_fallback(cls, handler_to_del): """ Remove a fallback handler Args: handler_to_del: reference to handler """ for priority, handler in cls.fallback_handlers.items(): if handler == handler_to_del: del cls.fallback_handlers[priority] return LOG.warning('Could not remove fallback!')
[docs] def remove_instance_handlers(self): """ Remove all fallback handlers registered by the fallback skill. """ while len(self.instance_fallback_handlers): handler = self.instance_fallback_handlers.pop() self.remove_fallback(handler)
[docs] def default_shutdown(self): """ Remove all registered handlers and perform skill shutdown. """ self.remove_instance_handlers() super(FallbackSkill, self).default_shutdown()